In this guide we are concerned with fractures of the lower leg between the knee and ankle. The two bones in the lower leg are the tibia and fibula. We will limit this discussion to fractures of the shaft, or mid section of these two bones. Fractures of the lower end of the tibia and fibula are covered in ankle fractures. Fractures of the upper end of the tibia are covered in knee fractures. The tibia bone is the largest and most important bone of the lower leg. It is quite vulnerable to injury. ...
Posted on 2019-07-19
A rise in the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has led to the discovery that many people, perhaps as many as 15 percent of Americans, have a thoracic disc herniation. Seeing a herniated thoracic disc on MRI is often incidental, meaning it shows up when the person has MRI testing for another problem.
Posted on 2019-07-12
Hallux valgus is a condition that affects the joint at the base of the big toe. The condition is commonly called a bunion. The bunion actually refers to the bump that grows on the side of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. In reality, the condition is much more complex than a simple bump on the side of the toe. Interestingly, this condition almost never occurs in cultures that do not wear shoes. Pointed shoes, such as high heels and cowboy boots, can contribute to the development of hall...
Posted on 2019-07-10
Cycling is an activity that many people enjoy. Some individuals are more experienced than others, but cyclists of any level may experience injuries. Certain injuries can be avoided and some can be treated at home, while other more serious issues may require a visit to a Physical Therapist.
Posted on 2019-07-03
The game of Lacrosse has come a long way since the Native Americans in Canada decorated their bodies in tribal wear to play the game as early as the 17th century! It is thought that several tribal games have contributed to the development of today’s sport of Lacrosse. The European settlers of North America made most of the changes to the game, which has turned it into the modern day Lacrosse or Lax, for short, that we know today.
Posted on 2019-06-28
The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is important because it helps support the shoulder. The SC joint links the bones of the arms and shoulder to the vertical skeleton. Most SC joint problems are relatively minor. However, certain types of injuries require immediate medical attention.
Posted on 2019-06-26
The scapulothoracic joint is located where the shoulder blade (also called the scapula) glides along the chest wall (the thorax). When movement of this joint causes feelings or sounds of grating, grinding, popping, or thumping, doctors call it snapping scapula syndrome. Snapping scapula syndrome is fairly rare. When it happens, the soft tissues between the scapula and the chest wall are thick, irritated, or inflamed. Snapping scapula syndrome can also happen if the bones of the shoulder blade o...
Posted on 2019-06-21
If you spend hours behind the wheel it is important to be comfortable to avoid musculoskeletal problems related to driving. If you drive for a living, it is crucial to get your posture right and follow some easy tips to keep your body healthy and prevent workplace injuries.
Posted on 2019-06-19
Young gymnasts and overhand athletes, particularly baseball pitchers and racket-sport players, are prone to an odd and troubling elbow condition. The forceful and repeated actions of these sports can strain the immature surface of the outer part of the elbow joint. The bone under the joint surface weakens and becomes injured, which damages the blood vessels going to the bone. Without blood flow, the small section of bone dies. The injured bone cracks and may actually break off. This condition is...
Posted on 2019-06-13
While taping as a therapeutic technique has been used since around the 1800’s, elastic taping, such as Kinesiotape (KT) and Rock Tape, have recently become quite popular in the rehabilitation industry. It is commonly used to treat or prevent muscle and joint related injuries such as sprains and strains, as well as tendinitis.
Posted on 2019-06-06
A biceps rupture involves a complete tear of the main tendon that attaches the top of the biceps muscle to the shoulder. It happens most often in middle-aged people and is usually due to years of wear and tear on the shoulder. A torn biceps in younger athletes sometimes occurs during weightlifting or from actions that cause a sudden load on the arm, such as hard fall with the arm outstretched.
Posted on 2019-06-04
Forearm fractures are those that occur in the middle section (shaft) of the forearm bones. The forearm has a complex anatomy to serve its functions of supporting and positioning the hand in space and providing anchorage for muscles that serve hand function. To fully restore these functions after a forearm fracture the bones must heal in the normal anatomical position.
Posted on 2019-05-30
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is one of the less commonly injured ligaments of the knee. Understanding this injury and developing new treatments for it have lagged behind the other cruciate ligament in the knee, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), probably because there are far fewer PCL injuries than ACL injuries.
Posted on 2019-05-24
A shoulder separation is a fairly common injury, especially in certain sports. Most shoulder separations are actually injuries to the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. The AC joint is the connection between the scapula(shoulder blade) and the clavicle (collarbone). Shoulder dislocations and AC joint separations are often mistaken for each other. But they are very different injuries.
Posted on 2019-05-21
Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.
Posted on 2019-05-17
SOURCE: The Sydeny Morning Herald. Article Link written By Liam Mannix. The X-ray factor revolutionising the way dancers deal with back pain The herniated disc pressed down on a nerve in his spine. The pain started in his back and ran down his foot, and was with him for what felt like every second of the day. He feared he would lose everything he had worked so hard for. For Ty King-Wall, a principal dancer at the Australian Ballet, to beat his back pain, he had to rebui...
Posted on 2019-05-15
Arthritis of the lumbar facet joints can be a source of significant low back pain. Aligned on the back of the spinal column, the facet joints link each vertebra together. Articular cartilage covers the surfaces where these joints meet. Like other joints in the body that are covered with articular cartilage, the lumbar facet joints can be affected by arthritis.
Posted on 2019-05-14
Problems affecting the two peroneal tendons that lie behind the outer ankle bone (the lateral malleolus) are common in athletes. These problems mainly occur in the area where the two tendons glide within a fibrous tunnel behind the lateral malleolus.
Posted on 2019-05-07
Plica syndrome is an interesting problem that occurs when an otherwise normal structure in the knee becomes a source of knee pain due to injury or overuse. The diagnosis can sometimes be difficult, but if this is the source of your knee pain, it can be easily treated.
Posted on 2019-05-04
Training for sports is a balance between overload and recovery. If the physical stress placed on an athlete is greater than what they can handle, imbalances can occur, leading to “nonfunctional overreaching”, defined as overtraining syndrome (OTS). Without adequate recovery, overtraining can result in injury and/or a decrease in athletic performance.
Posted on 2019-05-01
Pain in the buttock that radiates down the leg is commonly called sciatica. The most common cause for sciatica is irritation of the spinal nerves in or near the lumbar spine. Sometimes the nerve irritation is not in the spine but further down the leg. One possible cause of sciatica is piriformis syndrome. Piriformis syndrome can be painful, but it is seldom dangerous and rarely leads to the need for surgery. Most people with this condition can reduce the pain and manage the problem with simple m...
Posted on 2019-04-26
Cycling is a fantastic activity, whether you do it for fun and exercise as a hobby or compete at the highest levels of the sport in the Tour de France. However, it is also a sport that is incredibly easy to hurt yourself while participating in it.You don't have to be a professional cyclist to understand that the least of any cyclists' worries is a painful fall off the bike. In fact, cycling is a sport that has many repetitive motions and opens any participant up to knee, back, neck, ...
Posted on 2019-04-24
The ankle joint is formed where the bones of the lower leg, the tibia and the fibula, connect above the anklebone, called the talus. The tibia is the main bone of the lower leg. The fibula is the small, thin bone along the outer edge of the tibia. The ankle joint is a hinge that allows the foot to move up (dorsiflexion) and down (plantarflexion). The ankle is a synovial joint, meaning it is enclosed in a joint capsule that contains a lubricant called synovial fluid.
Posted on 2019-04-23
That sudden pull in your lower leg from walking, running or jumping is quite a common problem. Depending on how badly you have injured your calf, a calf strain can either be a little nagging pain while you walk, or can take you fully out of your regular activity and require you to walk with crutches!
Posted on 2019-04-17
Weightlifter's shoulder is a painful deterioration of the distal end of the clavicle (collar bone). It is an overuse phenomenon that causes tiny fractures along the end of the clavicle and then a breakdown of the bone (osteolysis) occurs. Weightlifters aren't the only ones affected; air-hammer operators, soldiers, handball players, and others can develop this problem. For this reason, it is also known as distal clavicular osteolysis (DCO). Osteolysis refers to the resorption of bone at the site...
Posted on 2019-04-16
If you have been paying attention to the changes in Phil Mickelson's world class physique, you should realize that the concept of golfer and that of athlete are one and the same. Golf is by no means a spectator sport. In golf, as in any sport, it is entirely possible to suffer an injury that could not only end your season, but also cause serious pain, discomfort, and frustration. Therefore, it is important for you as a golfer to not only know the correct way to swing and hold a club, but also to...
Posted on 2019-04-13
Injury to the nerves of the neck and shoulder that cause a burning or stinging feeling are called burners or stingers. Another name for this type of nerve injury is brachial plexus injury. Football players are affected most often. Up to half of all college football players have had at least one burner or stinger. Many of these occurred during high school football. Fortunately, it’s not a serious neck injury.
Posted on 2019-04-12
Cervical discectomy is surgery to remove one or more discs from the neck. The disc is the pad that separates the neck vertebrae; ectomy means to take out. Usually a discectomy is combined with a fusion of the two vertebrae that are separated by the disc. In some cases, this procedure is done without a fusion. A cervical discectomy without a fusion may be suggested for younger patients between 20 and 45 years old who have symptoms due to a herniated disc.
Posted on 2019-04-09
Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, is not limited to tennis players. The backhand swing in tennis can strain the muscles and tendons of the elbow in a way that leads to tennis elbow. But many other types of repetitive activities can also lead to tennis elbow: painting with a brush or roller, running a chain saw, and using many types of hand tools. Any activities that repeatedly stress the same forearm muscles can cause symptoms of tennis elbow.
Posted on 2019-04-06
Cheerleading began as a way to promote school unity and rally a team to victory; however, in the 130 years that have followed, cheerleading has developed into a highly skilled and competitive athletic event in its own right.Modern cheerleading combines elements of gymnastics with tosses, partner stunts and pyramid building to wow the crowd. While these risky athletic elements add excitement and entertainment to cheerleading routines, they also increase the risk of injury. Ligament sprains, muscl...
Posted on 2019-04-05
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