A contusion is the medical term used for a ‘bruise.’ Contusions can be minor, like the one you get after clumsily hitting your thigh on the edge of the coffee table, to major ones like the contusion you may get across your chest or down your leg after a significant motor vehicle accident. Whatever the size, that red, blue, purple, green or brown rainbow that appears is a sure sign of injury to the tissues below or near the area.
Posted on 2019-09-13
A shoulder dislocation is a painful and disabling injury of the glenohumeral joint. Most dislocations are anterior (forward) but the shoulder can also dislocate posteriorly (backwards). Inferior and posterolateral dislocations are possible but occur much less often. The specific type of dislocation is based on the position of the humeral head in relation to the glenoid (shoulder socket) at the time of the diagnosis.
Posted on 2019-09-11
A muscle spasm refers to a sudden, sharp, and involuntary muscle contraction. The painful spasm that develops is due to the muscle remaining in a contracted position. One of the most common types of muscle spasms occur in the calf muscles, which is often called a Charley Horse. They may also develop in the hand muscles, especially in musicians. Spasms may even arise in muscles within the spine or internal organs such as the bladder or colon.
Posted on 2019-09-05
Artificial disc replacement (ADR) is relatively new. In June 2004, the first ADR for the lumbar spine (low back) was approved by the FDA for use in the US. Replacing a damaged disc in the cervical spine (neck) is a bit trickier. The disc is part of a complex joint in the spine. Making a replacement disc that works and that will last is not an easy task. Cervical artificial disc replacement devices are currently undergoing study for FDA approval in the United States.
Posted on 2019-08-29
Field Hockey is a game played in over 130 countries around the world. Outside of North America it is often just referred to as hockey, but in Canada and the United States it’s called field hockey to distinguish it from the popular game of ice hockey. Little protective equipment is mandatory for field hockey and injuries can be common due to collisions with other players, holes and bumps in the playing pitch, and the swinging of hockey sticks. Players are no strangers to bu...
Posted on 2019-08-22
The use of arthroscopy has revolutionized many different types of orthopedic surgery. During arthroscopy, a small video camera attached to a fiber-optic lens is inserted into the body to allow a physician or surgeon to see inside without making a large incision (arthro means joint, scopy means look). The knee was the first joint in which the arthroscope was commonly used to both diagnose problems and to perform surgical procedures inside a joint.
Posted on 2019-08-14
You are what you eat. Is that simply a funny saying or is there some truth to that old adage? The spine is not something that usually comes to mind when one thinks about nutrition - but it should. Nutrition is important in having a healthy spine. Good nutrition also helps control pain and disability when we are suffering from many different types of spine conditions.
Posted on 2019-08-08
The shoulder is a region of the body rather than a bone or even a joint. Doctors refer to this area collectively as the shoulder girdle. There are four bones and three joints in the region. Injury to any one of them may be considered a shoulder fracture or dislocation and all affect the function of the shoulder and arm.The overall function of the shoulder is to provide a secure base for the movements of the arm. The base must be strong to bear the load when you lift something and mobile enough t...
Posted on 2019-08-07
The bones or vertebrae in the spine are very strong, but sometimes, in certain circumstances such as excessive pressure, repetitive bending or lifting or a physical injury such as a hard fall can damage or weaken vertebrae. When a spinal bone collapses, this is referred to as a compression fracture. For young, healthy individuals these fractures are rare but most likely to occur in those who work at heights or participate in sports like gymnastics, or aerial sports like ski jumping which i...
Posted on 2019-08-01
Calcific tendonitis of the shoulder happens when calcium deposits form on the tendons of your shoulder. The tissues around the deposit can become inflamed, causing a great deal of shoulder pain. This condition is fairly common. It most often affects people over the age of 40.
Posted on 2019-07-26
A normal healthy spine will be straight when seen from the front or the back. When seen from the side, the normal spine forms a gentle S curve. Scoliosis is an abnormal or exaggerated curve of the spine from the side or from the front or back. Adult degenerative scoliosis is different from the type of scoliosis that occurs in teenagers. Adult degenerative scoliosis occurs after the spine has stopped growing and results from wear and tear on the spine. The condition most often affect...
Posted on 2019-07-25
In this guide we are concerned with fractures of the lower leg between the knee and ankle. The two bones in the lower leg are the tibia and fibula. We will limit this discussion to fractures of the shaft, or mid section of these two bones. Fractures of the lower end of the tibia and fibula are covered in ankle fractures. Fractures of the upper end of the tibia are covered in knee fractures. The tibia bone is the largest and most important bone of the lower leg. It is quite vulnerable to injury. ...
Posted on 2019-07-19
A rise in the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has led to the discovery that many people, perhaps as many as 15 percent of Americans, have a thoracic disc herniation. Seeing a herniated thoracic disc on MRI is often incidental, meaning it shows up when the person has MRI testing for another problem.
Posted on 2019-07-12
Hallux valgus is a condition that affects the joint at the base of the big toe. The condition is commonly called a bunion. The bunion actually refers to the bump that grows on the side of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. In reality, the condition is much more complex than a simple bump on the side of the toe. Interestingly, this condition almost never occurs in cultures that do not wear shoes. Pointed shoes, such as high heels and cowboy boots, can contribute to the development of hall...
Posted on 2019-07-10
Cycling is an activity that many people enjoy. Some individuals are more experienced than others, but cyclists of any level may experience injuries. Certain injuries can be avoided and some can be treated at home, while other more serious issues may require a visit to a Physical Therapist.
Posted on 2019-07-03
The game of Lacrosse has come a long way since the Native Americans in Canada decorated their bodies in tribal wear to play the game as early as the 17th century! It is thought that several tribal games have contributed to the development of today’s sport of Lacrosse. The European settlers of North America made most of the changes to the game, which has turned it into the modern day Lacrosse or Lax, for short, that we know today.
Posted on 2019-06-28
The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is important because it helps support the shoulder. The SC joint links the bones of the arms and shoulder to the vertical skeleton. Most SC joint problems are relatively minor. However, certain types of injuries require immediate medical attention.
Posted on 2019-06-26
The scapulothoracic joint is located where the shoulder blade (also called the scapula) glides along the chest wall (the thorax). When movement of this joint causes feelings or sounds of grating, grinding, popping, or thumping, doctors call it snapping scapula syndrome. Snapping scapula syndrome is fairly rare. When it happens, the soft tissues between the scapula and the chest wall are thick, irritated, or inflamed. Snapping scapula syndrome can also happen if the bones of the shoulder blade o...
Posted on 2019-06-21
If you spend hours behind the wheel it is important to be comfortable to avoid musculoskeletal problems related to driving. If you drive for a living, it is crucial to get your posture right and follow some easy tips to keep your body healthy and prevent workplace injuries.
Posted on 2019-06-19
Young gymnasts and overhand athletes, particularly baseball pitchers and racket-sport players, are prone to an odd and troubling elbow condition. The forceful and repeated actions of these sports can strain the immature surface of the outer part of the elbow joint. The bone under the joint surface weakens and becomes injured, which damages the blood vessels going to the bone. Without blood flow, the small section of bone dies. The injured bone cracks and may actually break off. This condition is...
Posted on 2019-06-13
While taping as a therapeutic technique has been used since around the 1800’s, elastic taping, such as Kinesiotape (KT) and Rock Tape, have recently become quite popular in the rehabilitation industry. It is commonly used to treat or prevent muscle and joint related injuries such as sprains and strains, as well as tendinitis.
Posted on 2019-06-06
A biceps rupture involves a complete tear of the main tendon that attaches the top of the biceps muscle to the shoulder. It happens most often in middle-aged people and is usually due to years of wear and tear on the shoulder. A torn biceps in younger athletes sometimes occurs during weightlifting or from actions that cause a sudden load on the arm, such as hard fall with the arm outstretched.
Posted on 2019-06-04
Forearm fractures are those that occur in the middle section (shaft) of the forearm bones. The forearm has a complex anatomy to serve its functions of supporting and positioning the hand in space and providing anchorage for muscles that serve hand function. To fully restore these functions after a forearm fracture the bones must heal in the normal anatomical position.
Posted on 2019-05-30
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is one of the less commonly injured ligaments of the knee. Understanding this injury and developing new treatments for it have lagged behind the other cruciate ligament in the knee, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), probably because there are far fewer PCL injuries than ACL injuries.
Posted on 2019-05-24
A shoulder separation is a fairly common injury, especially in certain sports. Most shoulder separations are actually injuries to the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. The AC joint is the connection between the scapula(shoulder blade) and the clavicle (collarbone). Shoulder dislocations and AC joint separations are often mistaken for each other. But they are very different injuries.
Posted on 2019-05-21
Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.
Posted on 2019-05-17
SOURCE: The Sydeny Morning Herald. Article Link written By Liam Mannix. The X-ray factor revolutionising the way dancers deal with back pain The herniated disc pressed down on a nerve in his spine. The pain started in his back and ran down his foot, and was with him for what felt like every second of the day. He feared he would lose everything he had worked so hard for. For Ty King-Wall, a principal dancer at the Australian Ballet, to beat his back pain, he had to rebui...
Posted on 2019-05-15
Arthritis of the lumbar facet joints can be a source of significant low back pain. Aligned on the back of the spinal column, the facet joints link each vertebra together. Articular cartilage covers the surfaces where these joints meet. Like other joints in the body that are covered with articular cartilage, the lumbar facet joints can be affected by arthritis.
Posted on 2019-05-14
Problems affecting the two peroneal tendons that lie behind the outer ankle bone (the lateral malleolus) are common in athletes. These problems mainly occur in the area where the two tendons glide within a fibrous tunnel behind the lateral malleolus.
Posted on 2019-05-07
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